CREATE AN INSTALLATION USB STICK FOR WINDOWS 10 BUILD 1903 OR LATER

Encabezado

Hi folks, today will answer the question of how to create USB installation of Windows 10 in Deepin. We will show how to create a USB Deepin Linux installer ISO Windows 10 October 2018 and later. I will present two methods, one manual only works with computers and supports UEFI Secure Boot it activated is recommended for newer computers. The second method is using the graphical application WoeUSB but does not support UEFI with Secure Boot activated.

We remind you that technically BIOS and UEFI are not the same, UEFI BIOS comes to replace, so older computers have BIOS and UEFI newer ones have, under this guideline will address the terms of UEFI and BIOS. In the computer with the option of UEFI mode LegacyWhich is used to emulate BIOS to boot or older systems that do not support UEFI.

Since the procedure described in this article include deleting the contents of USB keys (pendrive), Deepin in Spanish, nor any of its members, responsible for the loss of data and files caused by not heed the warnings or failure to follow the steps correctly.

possible configurations for installers USB Windows 10

The following table lists the settings in which installers created by the method presented in this article work is.

Creation MethodStarting systems supportedSupported UEFI options
manuallyUEFISecure Boot: On or Off
Legacy: Disabled
WoeUSBBIOS
UEFI
Secure Boot: Disabled
Legacy: On or Off

Why they stopped working to create graphical applications installers USB Windows 10 with the ISO after October 2018?

Until the end of 2018, the tools for creating installers USB Windows 10 used FAT32, which is a file system with a very old architecture, which can only store files with a maximum weight of 4GB.

In October 2018 Microsoft published the ISO 1809 and in May 2019 1903 Windows 10, both contain a file that weighs more than 4GB, so applications to create USB installers who use FAT32 partitions can no longer create USB installers these ISO. At the time of writing these words (June 2019), few applications have already been upgraded to use NTFS so you can handle files larger than 4GB, including WoeUSB, but do not support booting with UEFI Secure Boot activated and that's why we present the manual method.

Download ISO Windows 10

The first thing we do is get the installer for Windows 10, for that follow these steps.

1. Click the link below to open the official website to download the ISO Microsoft Windows 10.

https://www.microsoft.com/es-es/software-download/windows10ISO

2. Select the issue, in this case May 2019 and click Confirm.

Seleccione la edición

3. Select the language and click Confirm.

Seleccione el idioma

4. Click the version you want to download, the normal and recommended is to download the 64-bit version.

Haga clic en la versión que desea descargar

Remember that 32-bit operating systems can only use a maximum of 4GB RAM, even if they have 8GB of RAM, only use 4 8GB of RAM. Just download the 32-bit version if your processor does not support 64 bits.

Identify the USB key (pendrive)

Now we will prepare the USB key, use one of size 8GB or higher, which is empty or not matter whether all its contents is erased, We note that in the process containing all files are deleted.

Then we will identify the USB key, it is very important to correctly identify not accidentally delete another hard drive or other USB key.

1. Connect the USB key to the computer.

2. Open the file manager and check the name (label) of the USB key. This example is BLACK.

Abra el administrador de archivos

3. Open a terminal and run the command

lsblk
Abra una terminal

In this example we can see that the disk is BLACK sdb and the mount point is / Media / jackfruit / BLACK. Then write down the label, disk and partition, for this example is:

Tag / Name: BLACK disk: / dev / sdb partition: / dev / sdb1

Installer created manually

Step 1: Partitioning the USB key

The following procedure has a long description, but the procedure is quick, it takes less than 2 minutes. The following link I show video to show that it is actually quite simple.

Preparing partitions for USB Installer Windows 10 - https://youtu.be/tHdzTCqiFkY

Continue with the procedure, but first again warned that this procedure will erase the entire contents of the USB key.

1. Open GParted application. If GParted does not installed, install it with the command.

sudo apt update && sudo apt install gparted 

2.Enter your password and click Confirm.

Escriba su contraseña

3. Select the disk from the USB key, in our example sdb (/ dev / sdb).

Seleccione el disco de la llave USB
Seleccione el disco de la llave USB

We can verify that the correct disk because the label matches the name of the USB key, in addition to matching partition and mount point scored during the identification, BLACK, / dev / sdb1 and / media / jackfruit / BLACK respectively this example.

Verificar que es el disco correcto

4. Selections by clicking partition.

Selecciones la partición

5. Click the Partition menu and then click Remove.

Desmontar partición

6. Click Device menu and then click Create partition table.

Crear tabla de particiones

7. Select the type of GPT partition table and then click Apply.

Seleccione el tipo de tabla de particiones gpt

8. Click Partition menu and click New.

Crear nueva partición

9. Set the following parameters:

new size: 1500 File System: FAT32 Tag: UEFI

Then click Add.

Establezca los parámetros

10. Click Partition menu and click New to create the second partition.

Crear nueva partición NTFS

11. Set the following parameters:

File system: NTFS Tag: NTFS

Then click Add.

Establezca los parámetros

12. Click the Edit menu and then click Apply all operations.

Aplicar todas las operaciones

13. Then click Apply.

Confirmar

14. Click Close.

Cerrar

And partitioning is complete, close GParted, It is important to close GParted to release storage devices and save them with other applications.

Step 2: Fit the ISO of Windows 10

1. Verify GParted is closed and then open the folder where you downloaded the ISO of Windows 10.

abra la carpeta donde descargó la ISO de Windows 10

2. Right click on the ISO file of Windows 10 and then click Open With -> Disk Image Mounter.

Abrir con Disk Image Mounter

3. Verify that the ISO was successfully mounted by clicking the new mounted device should display similar to the following content.

Verifique que la ISO se montó

Step 3: Copy files

1. To simplify the procedure open 2 windows file manager and place them side to the other.

Abra 2 ventanas del administrador de archivos

2. In a window open ISO Windows 10, on the other open the partition of the USB key called UEFI.

abra la Abra la ISO de Windows y la partición de la llave USB llamada UEFI de Windows 10, en la otra abra la partición de la llave USB llamada UEFI

3. Now the ISO copy everything but the sources folder and then paste it into UEFI.

Copiar archivos

4. UEFI, create a folder named sources.

En UEFI cree una carpeta llamada sources

5. Copy the Boot.wim file from the sources folder and paste it into the ISO folder on UEFI sources.

Copie el archivo boot.wim

6. Then copy the entire contents of the ISO on the NTFS partition on the USB key.

Copiar archivos

This completes the procedure for creating the installer is completed manually. This procedure can also be performed in Windows, of course, using the corresponding substitutes for each stage.

Create installer with WoeUSB

Step 1: Install WoeUSB

WoeUSB was updated in 2019, so for this procedure is imperative that you use version 3.3.0 or later.

Deepin Linux

If you have installed the repository Deepines, installing the updated version is simple.

sudo apt update && sudo apt install woeusb

Ubuntu
To obtain the installer deb ubuntu-compatible and can download and install an updated WoeUSB version from the link below.

http://ppa.launchpad.net/nilarimogard/webupd8/ubuntu/pool/main/w/woeusb/

Others

For installers for other platforms, visit the GitHub WoeUSB on the link below.

https://github.com/slacka/WoeUSB

Step 2: Create Installer USB

1. Open WoeUSB.

2. Open the ISO of Windows 10.

Abra la ISO de Windows 10
Abra la ISO de Windows 10
Abra la ISO de Windows 10

3. set File system in NTFS.

Establezca File system en NTFS

4. USB key selections Target DeviceIn this example / dev / sdb. Be sure to select the USB key according to the identification procedure of the USB key. Remember that the entire contents of the USB key will be erased and it is important to select the correct device.

Selecciones la llave USB en Target device

5. Open a terminal (Ctrl + Alt + T) and remove the partition of the USB key with the command sudo umount partitionWhere partition corresponds to the found USB key partition when identified, for this example / Dev / sdb1.

sudo umount /dev/sdb1

6. Click Install, enter your password and click Confirm.

Crear instalador

You will then be prompted for your password, enter it and click Confirm.

Escriba su contraseña

7. Wait until installation. The process can take 10 to 30 minutes, depending on the capabilities of your computer, mainly USB version of both the computer and the USB key.

Espere

8. The process completed successfully, click OK, now can close WoeUSB.

Proceso a finalizado, haga clic en Aceptar

Error Messages

If you get the following error message.

WoeUSB Error target device
Error: Target device is busy Currently, unmount all mounted device partition in targer Then try again

Be sure you have desmonstado the partition of the USB key with the command umount in step 5. If the USB key identifying showed he had more than one partition, be sure to unmount all the partitions, for example:

sudo umount /dev/sdb1
sudo umount /dev/sdb2

If you get the following error message.

WoeUSB error source media
Error: Source media is mounted, unmount the partition Then try again.

Open the file manager and remove any ISO mounted by clicking the Eject icon in the following two ISO image is mounted.

Desmonte cualquier ISO montada

conclusion

As with Windows 10, creating the installer USB Boot Maker Deepin with Deepin, it can also boot with UEFI Secure Boot activated. In this way we have installers to create a dual boot without much fuss activating mode legacy in UEFI settings, providing facilities both novices and more experienced. I hope we will soon present a new installation guide dual boot full support UEFI, to go leaving behind the era of our beloved BIOS.

Sources

https://miketerrill.net/2016/10/16/usb-flash-drives-uefi-and-large-wims/
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extensible_Firmware_Interface
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/BIOS

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Fenoll
Publisher

Thanks, did I need just when you released the tutorial, but synchronization impossible. Very useful and well explained.

Eli
Publisher

excellent tutorial Isaías Gätjens MIsa Gätjens M thanks for collaboration, is that you took a long time to create and research the topic.

Car
Publisher

Isaias great for the ultimate solution +1,000,000