CREATE WINDOWS INSTALL USB 10 1903 OR LATER

USB DE INSTALACIÓN

Hola gente, hoy responderemos a la pregunta de cómo crear USB de instalación de Windows 10 en Deepin. Les vamos a mostrar cómo crear en Deepin Linux un instalador USB de Windows 10 con la ISO de octubre del 2018 y posteriores. Voy a presentar 2 métodos, uno manual que únicamente funciona con computadoras con UEFI y que soporta Secure Boot activado, es el recomendable para computadoras más recientes. El segundo método es usando la aplicación gráfica WoeUSB, pero que no tiene soporte para UEFI con Secure Boot activated.

We remind you that technically BIOS and UEFI are not the same, UEFI comes to replace BIOS, so older computers have BIOS and newer computers have UEFI, and under this guideline we are going to treat the terms of UEFI and BIOS. On computers with UEFI there is the option to activate the mode Legacy, which is used to emulate BIOS and to be able to boot old systems or those that do not have UEFI support.

Since the procedures described in this article include erasing the content of USB keys (pendrive), Deepin in Spanish, nor any of its members, is responsible for the loss of data and files caused by not heeding the warnings or by not following the steps correctly.

Possible settings for Windows 10 USB installers

The following table shows the configurations in which the installers created using the method presented in this article work.

Creation MethodStarting systems supportedSupported UEFI options
manuallyUEFISecure Boot: On or Off
Legacy: Disabled
WoeUSBBIOS
UEFI
Secure Boot: Disabled
Legacy: On or Off

Why did the graphical applications to create Windows 10 USB installers with ISOs from after October 2018 stop working?

Until the end of 2018, the tools to create Windows 10 USB installers used FAT32, which is a file system with a very old architecture, which can only store files with a maximum size of 4GB.

In October 2018 Microsoft published ISO 1809 and in May 2019 Windows 10 1903, both contain a file that weighs more than 4GB, so applications that to create USB installers that use FAT32 partitions can no longer create USB installers to these ISO. As of this writing (June 2019), a few applications have already been updated to use NTFS to handle files larger than 4GB, including WoeUSB, but they do not support UEFI booting with Secure Boot activated and that is why we introduce the manual method.

Download ISO Windows 10

The first thing we are going to do is get the Windows 10 installer, for that follow the following steps.

1. Click the following link to open Microsoft's official page to download the Windows 10 ISO.

https://www.microsoft.com/es-es/software-download/windows10ISO

2. Select the edition, in this case May 2019, and click Confirm.

Seleccione la edición

3. Select the language and click Confirm.

Seleccione el idioma

4. Click on the version you want to download, the normal and recommended is to download the 64-bit version.

Haga clic en la versión que desea descargar

Remember that 32-bit operating systems can only use a maximum of 4GB RAM, even if they have 8GB of RAM, it will only use 4 of the 8GB of RAM. Only download the 32-bit version if your processor does not have 64-bit support.

Identify the USB key (pendrive)

Now we are going to prepare the USB key, use one of a size of 8GB or greater, that is empty or that does not matter if all its content is deleted We warn that in the process all the files it contains will be deleted.

Then we are going to identify the USB key, it is very important to identify it correctly so as not to accidentally erase another hard drive or another USB key.

1. Connect the USB key to the computer.

2. Open the file manager and check the name (label) of the USB key. In this example it is BLACK.

Abra el administrador de archivos

3. Open a terminal and run the command

lsblk
Abra una terminal

In this example we can see that BLACK is the disk sdb and the mount point is / Media / jackfruit / BLACK. Then write down the label, the disk and the partition, for this example it corresponds to:

Label / Name: BLACK Disk: / dev / sdb Partition: / dev / sdb1

Installer created manually

Stage 1: Partition the USB key

The following procedure has a long description, but the procedure is quick, it takes less than 2 minutes. In the following link I show it on video to show that it is actually quite simple.

Preparar particiones para instalador USB de Windows 10 – https://youtu.be/tHdzTCqiFkY

Let's continue with the procedure, but first We note again that this procedure will erase the entire content of the USB key.

1. Open the GParted application. If you don't have GParted installed, install it with the command.

sudo apt update && sudo apt install gparted 

2. Enter your password and then click Confirm.

Escriba su contraseña

3. Select the disk of the USB key, in our example sdb (/ dev / sdb).

Seleccione el disco de la llave USB
Seleccione el disco de la llave USB

We can verify that it is the correct disk because the label matches the name of the USB key, as well as the partition and mount point noted during identification, BLACK, / dev / sdb1 and / media / jaca / BLACK respectively in this example.

Verificar que es el disco correcto

4. Select the partition by clicking.

Selecciones la partición

5. Click the Partition menu and then click Unmount.

Desmontar partición

6. Click Device menu and then click Create Partition Table.

Crear tabla de particiones

7. Select the gpt partition table type and then click Apply.

Seleccione el tipo de tabla de particiones gpt

8. Click Partition menu and then New.

Crear nueva partición

9. Set the following parameters:

New size: 1500 File system: fat32 Label: UEFI

Then click Add.

Establezca los parámetros

10. Click Partition menu and then New to create the second partition.

Crear nueva partición NTFS

11. Set the following parameters:

File system: ntfs Label: NTFS

Then click Add.

Establezca los parámetros

12. Click the Edit menu and then click Apply All Operations.

Aplicar todas las operaciones

13. Then click Apply.

Confirmar

14. Click Close.

Cerrar

The partitioning is complete, close GParted, it is important to close GParted to free up the storage devices for use with other applications.

Stage 2: Mount the Windows 10 ISO

1. Install the following package that will allow you to mount the Windows 10 ISOs.

sudo apt install gnome-disk-utility

2. Verify that GParted is closed and then open the folder where you downloaded the Windows 10 ISO.

abra la carpeta donde descargó la ISO de Windows 10

3. Right click on the Windows 10 ISO file and then click Open With -> Disk Image Mounter.

Abrir con Disk Image Mounter

4. Verify that the ISO was mounted correctly by clicking on the new mounted device, it should display content similar to the following.

Verifique que la ISO se montó

Step 3: Copy files

1. To make the procedure easier, open 2 file manager windows and place one next to the other.

Abra 2 ventanas del administrador de archivos

2. In one window open the Windows 10 ISO, in the other open the partition of the USB key called UEFI.

abra la Abra la ISO de Windows y la partición de la llave USB llamada UEFI de Windows 10, en la otra abra la partición de la llave USB llamada UEFI

3. Now in the ISO copy everything except the sources folder and then paste it in UEFI.

Copiar archivos

4. In UEFI, create a folder called sources.

En UEFI cree una carpeta llamada sources

5. Copy the boot.wim file from the ISO sources folder and paste it into the sources folder in UEFI.

Copie el archivo boot.wim

6. Then copy the entire contents of the ISO to the NTFS partition of the USB key.

Copiar archivos

With this the procedure to create the installer manually is complete. This procedure can also be done on Windows, of course, using the corresponding substitutes for each stage.

Create installer with WoeUSB

Step 1: Install WoeUSB

WoeUSB has been updated in 2019, so for this procedure you need to use version 3.3.0 or later.

Deepin Linux

If you have the Deepines repository installed, installing the updated version is simple.

sudo apt update && sudo apt install woeusb

Ubuntu
To obtain the installer deb For ubuntu and compatible, you can download and install an updated version of WoeUSB from the link below.

http://ppa.launchpad.net/nilarimogard/webupd8/ubuntu/pool/main/w/woeusb/

Others

To get an installer for other platforms, visit the WoeUSB page on GitHub at the link below.

https://github.com/slacka/WoeUSB

Step 2: Create Installer USB

1. Open WoeUSB.

2. Open the ISO of Windows 10.

Abra la ISO de Windows 10
Abra la ISO de Windows 10
Abra la ISO de Windows 10

3. set File system in NTFS.

Establezca File system en NTFS

4. USB key selections Target Device, in this example / dev / sdb. Make sure to select the USB key according to the USB key identification procedure. Remember that all the contents of the USB key will be erased and that is why it is important to select the correct device.

Selecciones la llave USB en Target device

5. Open a terminal (Ctrl + Alt + T) and unmount the partition from the USB key with the command sudo umount partition, where partition corresponds to the partition found when the USB key was identified, for this example / Dev / sdb1.

sudo umount /dev/sdb1

6. Click Install, enter your password, and click Confirm.

Crear instalador

You will then be prompted for your password, enter it and click Confirm.

Escriba su contraseña

7. Wait for the installation to finish. The process can take between 10 and 30 minutes, depending on the capabilities of your computer, mainly the USB version of both the computer and the USB key.

Espere

8. The process has finished successfully, click OK, now you can close WoeUSB.

Proceso a finalizado, haga clic en Aceptar

Error Messages

If you get the following error message.

WoeUSB Error target device
Error: Target device is currently busy, unmount all mounted partition in targer device then try again

Make sure you have unmounted the partition from the USB key with the command umount in step 5. If identifying the USB key showed that it had more than one partition, be sure to unmount all partitions, for example:

sudo umount /dev/sdb1
sudo umount /dev/sdb2

If you get the following error message.

WoeUSB error source media
Error: Source media is mounted, unmount the partition then try again.

Open the file manager and unmount any mounted ISO by clicking the Eject icon, the following image shows two mounted ISOs.

Desmonte cualquier ISO montada

conclusion

As with Windows 10, creating the Deepin USB installer with Deepin Boot Maker, it can also boot into UEFI with Secure Boot activated. In this way we already have the installers to create a dual boot without fussing so much activating the mode legacy in the UEFI configuration, making installations easy for both newbies and experienced users. I hope soon we can present a new installation guide of dual boot with full support for UEFI, to be able to leave behind the era of our beloved BIOS.

Sources

https://miketerrill.net/2016/10/16/usb-flash-drives-uefi-and-large-wims/
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extensible_Firmware_Interface
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/BIOS

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Leonardo Fodrini Letelier
Leonardo Fodrini Letelier (@leonardofodriniletelier)
Member
1 año atrás

Great tutorial! Excellent description of the procedure!
Several times I found myself in the situation of not having a Windows PC at hand to create a bootable Windows 10 USB. Long ago I was looking for a way to do without a specific application for this task. Gparted even usually comes installed already 🙂

IMPORTANT: WoeUSB is no longer installable because one of its dependencies (libwxgtk3.0-0) is no longer installable on Ubuntu 20.04.

Fenoll
Fenoll (@fenoll)
Publisher
1 año atrás

Thanks, I needed it just when you launched the tutorial, but impossible synchronization. Very useful and well explained.

Eli
Eli (@eli)
Admin
1 año atrás

excellent tutorial Isaías Gätjens M gracias por la colaboración, se ve que te tomaste bastante tiempo en crearlo y investigar sobre el tópico.

Car
Car (@car)
Author
1 año atrás

Great Isaias for the definitive solution +1,000,000

Christian G ??????
Christian G ?????? (@christiang)
Member
1 año atrás

Muchas gracias por esta excelente guía. Justo necesito reinstalar Windows por que cometí una burrada con eso de dual-boot y mi esposa me mata si no tiene su office como debe ser.
For newbies like me, here's how to install the Disk Image Mounter from the terminal
sudo apt install gnome-disk-utility

Ernesto Junco
Ernesto Junco (@ernesto_junco)
Member
1 año atrás

This guide very good, thanksIsaías Gätjens M

Céssar
Céssar (@ppjc72)
Author
1 año atrás

More than excellent.

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