Hola gente, hoy responderemos a la pregunta de cómo crear USB de instalación de Windows 10 en Deepin. Les vamos a mostrar cómo crear en Deepin Linux un instalador USB de Windows 10 con la ISO de octubre del 2018 y posteriores. Voy a presentar 2 métodos, uno manual que únicamente funciona con computadoras con UEFI y que soporta Secure Boot activado, es el recomendable para computadoras más recientes. El segundo método es usando la aplicación gráfica WoeUSB, pero que no tiene soporte para UEFI con Secure Boot activated.
We remind you that technically BIOS and UEFI are not the same, UEFI comes to replace BIOS, so older computers have BIOS and newer computers have UEFI, and under this guideline we are going to treat the terms of UEFI and BIOS. On computers with UEFI there is the option to activate the mode Legacy, which is used to emulate BIOS and to be able to boot old systems or those that do not have UEFI support.
Since the procedures described in this article include erasing the content of USB keys (pendrive), Deepin in Spanish, nor any of its members, is responsible for the loss of data and files caused by not heeding the warnings or by not following the steps correctly.
Possible settings for Windows 10 USB installers
The following table shows the configurations in which the installers created using the method presented in this article work.
|Creation Method||Starting systems supported||Supported UEFI options|
|manually||UEFI||Secure Boot: On or Off|
|Secure Boot: Disabled|
Legacy: On or Off
Why did the graphical applications to create Windows 10 USB installers with ISOs from after October 2018 stop working?
Until the end of 2018, the tools to create Windows 10 USB installers used FAT32, which is a file system with a very old architecture, which can only store files with a maximum size of 4GB.
In October 2018 Microsoft published ISO 1809 and in May 2019 Windows 10 1903, both contain a file that weighs more than 4GB, so applications that to create USB installers that use FAT32 partitions can no longer create USB installers to these ISO. As of this writing (June 2019), a few applications have already been updated to use NTFS to handle files larger than 4GB, including WoeUSB, but they do not support UEFI booting with Secure Boot activated and that is why we introduce the manual method.
Download ISO Windows 10
The first thing we are going to do is get the Windows 10 installer, for that follow the following steps.
1. Click the following link to open Microsoft's official page to download the Windows 10 ISO.
2. Select the edition, in this case May 2019, and click Confirm.
3. Select the language and click Confirm.
4. Click on the version you want to download, the normal and recommended is to download the 64-bit version.
Remember that 32-bit operating systems can only use a maximum of 4GB RAM, even if they have 8GB of RAM, it will only use 4 of the 8GB of RAM. Only download the 32-bit version if your processor does not have 64-bit support.
Identify the USB key (pendrive)
Now we are going to prepare the USB key, use one of a size of 8GB or greater, that is empty or that does not matter if all its content is deleted We warn that in the process all the files it contains will be deleted.
Then we are going to identify the USB key, it is very important to identify it correctly so as not to accidentally erase another hard drive or another USB key.
1. Connect the USB key to the computer.
2. Open the file manager and check the name (label) of the USB key. In this example it is BLACK.
3. Open a terminal and run the command
In this example we can see that BLACK is the disk sdb and the mount point is / Media / jackfruit / BLACK. Then write down the label, the disk and the partition, for this example it corresponds to:
Label / Name: BLACK Disk: / dev / sdb Partition: / dev / sdb1
Installer created manually
Stage 1: Partition the USB key
The following procedure has a long description, but the procedure is quick, it takes less than 2 minutes. In the following link I show it on video to show that it is actually quite simple.
Preparar particiones para instalador USB de Windows 10 – https://youtu.be/tHdzTCqiFkY
Let's continue with the procedure, but first We note again that this procedure will erase the entire content of the USB key.
1. Open the GParted application. If you don't have GParted installed, install it with the command.
sudo apt update && sudo apt install gparted
2. Enter your password and then click Confirm.
3. Select the disk of the USB key, in our example sdb (/ dev / sdb).
We can verify that it is the correct disk because the label matches the name of the USB key, as well as the partition and mount point noted during identification, BLACK, / dev / sdb1 and / media / jaca / BLACK respectively in this example.
4. Select the partition by clicking.
5. Click the Partition menu and then click Unmount.
6. Click Device menu and then click Create Partition Table.
7. Select the gpt partition table type and then click Apply.
8. Click Partition menu and then New.
9. Set the following parameters:
New size: 1500 File system: fat32 Label: UEFI
Then click Add.
10. Click Partition menu and then New to create the second partition.
11. Set the following parameters:
File system: ntfs Label: NTFS
Then click Add.
12. Click the Edit menu and then click Apply All Operations.
13. Then click Apply.
14. Click Close.
The partitioning is complete, close GParted, it is important to close GParted to free up the storage devices for use with other applications.
Stage 2: Mount the Windows 10 ISO
1. Install the following package that will allow you to mount the Windows 10 ISOs.
sudo apt install gnome-disk-utility
2. Verify that GParted is closed and then open the folder where you downloaded the Windows 10 ISO.
3. Right click on the Windows 10 ISO file and then click Open With -> Disk Image Mounter.
4. Verify that the ISO was mounted correctly by clicking on the new mounted device, it should display content similar to the following.
Step 3: Copy files
1. To make the procedure easier, open 2 file manager windows and place one next to the other.
2. In one window open the Windows 10 ISO, in the other open the partition of the USB key called UEFI.
3. Now in the ISO copy everything except the sources folder and then paste it in UEFI.
4. In UEFI, create a folder called sources.
5. Copy the boot.wim file from the ISO sources folder and paste it into the sources folder in UEFI.
6. Then copy the entire contents of the ISO to the NTFS partition of the USB key.
With this the procedure to create the installer manually is complete. This procedure can also be done on Windows, of course, using the corresponding substitutes for each stage.
Create installer with WoeUSB
Step 1: Install WoeUSB
WoeUSB has been updated in 2019, so for this procedure you need to use version 3.3.0 or later.
If you have the Deepines repository installed, installing the updated version is simple.
sudo apt update && sudo apt install woeusb
To obtain the installer deb For ubuntu and compatible, you can download and install an updated version of WoeUSB from the link below.
To get an installer for other platforms, visit the WoeUSB page on GitHub at the link below.
Step 2: Create Installer USB
1. Open WoeUSB.
2. Open the ISO of Windows 10.
3. set File system in NTFS.
4. USB key selections Target Device, in this example / dev / sdb. Make sure to select the USB key according to the USB key identification procedure. Remember that all the contents of the USB key will be erased and that is why it is important to select the correct device.
5. Open a terminal (Ctrl + Alt + T) and unmount the partition from the USB key with the command sudo umount partition, where partition corresponds to the partition found when the USB key was identified, for this example / Dev / sdb1.
sudo umount /dev/sdb1
6. Click Install, enter your password, and click Confirm.
You will then be prompted for your password, enter it and click Confirm.
7. Wait for the installation to finish. The process can take between 10 and 30 minutes, depending on the capabilities of your computer, mainly the USB version of both the computer and the USB key.
8. The process has finished successfully, click OK, now you can close WoeUSB.
If you get the following error message.
Make sure you have unmounted the partition from the USB key with the command umount in step 5. If identifying the USB key showed that it had more than one partition, be sure to unmount all partitions, for example:
sudo umount /dev/sdb1 sudo umount /dev/sdb2
If you get the following error message.
Open the file manager and unmount any mounted ISO by clicking the Eject icon, the following image shows two mounted ISOs.
As with Windows 10, creating the Deepin USB installer with Deepin Boot Maker, it can also boot into UEFI with Secure Boot activated. In this way we already have the installers to create a dual boot without fussing so much activating the mode legacy in the UEFI configuration, making installations easy for both newbies and experienced users. I hope soon we can present a new installation guide of dual boot with full support for UEFI, to be able to leave behind the era of our beloved BIOS.